People who are friends of marijuana know 420, or 4:20, or 4/20. It’s long been the code word for taking a moment to partake in a bit of cannabis. So 4:20 can happen on any day at 4:20 PM or if you’re an early bird (or night owl) at 4:20 AM, but also on the day April 20.
You can use it in a sentence, as in: “Wow, it’s 420 already. I’m going to step outside.”
People who love cannabis are delighted to observe when our car gas points out that we have 420 miles until empty or when the Michigan Public Radio announcer says it’s 4:20, which they do nearly every afternoon between news stories and weather. People who love weed will spot 420 in a street address, phone number, or license plate and be happy for that magical combination.
420 is becoming a bit mainstream—this year Food Network recently announced actor and comic Ron Funches would host Chopped 420, a competition cooking show with cannabis added.
But still, 420 is a knowing nod to a community of people with a love of cannabis and also to the fact that we’ve had to keep our consumption under wraps for so long. We’re lucky that cannabis prohibition is over in Michigan, and adults can enjoy cannabis in its many forms.
So, rather than being a secret code, it’s a well-known high holiday, and cannabis fans and cannabis businesses everywhere are celebrating. But the story of 420 isn’t common knowledge, and if you’re celebrating a holiday, you need to know the backstory.
Where 420 Began
The history of the code word is clear; it began in California with five friends at San Rafael High School and the search for a plot of marijuana somewhere on the Point Reyes Peninsula. The friends, also known as the Waldos met after class each day at 4:20 to search for the weed, which was never found. They used 420 as their code word for marijuana, and the friends carried it through in conversations and correspondence. From that group of five high schoolers, the code of 420 spread across marijuana culture and has been part of our language since the 1970s.
Communities around the globe celebrate 420—Denver has a big event each year, as does San Francisco, Seattle, Amsterdam, and multiple locations in Canada. With COVID-19, celebrations are likely to be scaled back or canceled—and passing joints, that’s history too.
Are There Other Cannabis Codes That Need Breaking?
Let’s start with a glossary of a few cannabis words that you might hear in a provisioning center or from a pothead* friend.
Blazed—this describes a pleasant cannabis high.
Blitzed—word to describe being very high, more so than blazed.
Bubbler—also a bong. Uses water to cool the smoke from burning cannabis.
Cannabis—also marijuana, nug, flower, bud, MJ, Mary Jane, ganja, herb, hippie lettuce, jazz cabbage, reefer, dank and the good—as in the good stuff.
Cannavore—people who prefer edible cannabis over smoking, vaping, or dabbing.
Cone—if you can’t roll a joint, you can stuff some flower into a pre-made cone and consume it that way. Pre-rolls are made in cones.
Dab—consumption of a cannabis concentrate like shatter, budder, or wax.
Florist—a code name for a provisioning center. Some florists deliver!
Mids—describes mid-level cannabis. Not the best, not the worst, just average flower.
Joint—also doob or doobie, J or Jay, phattie, fattie, spliff, or a blunt.
Nail—it’s a device heated and used to consume a dab, which is a cannabis concentrate.
Wake and Bake—when you get up in the morning and consume some cannabis.
Where is the Pot leaf emoji?
If you search your emoji collection for a marijuana leaf, you’ll need to keep looking. Due to American federal prohibition and prohibition across the world, there is no leaf emoji, but some emojis are code for cannabis and cannabis use.
Try one of these in your next text.
A face with squinty eyes: 😆 or contentedly smiling 😌
A blazed smiley: 🥴
How you hold a joint: 👌
Substitute for a cannabis leaf: 🌿 or 🍃 or 🍁 or 🥦
This tree also works for a cannabis bud: 🌳
An edible: 🍫
A joint: 🚬
Bong or bubbler: ⚗️
👁 💚 🌿
So from 420 to emojis – we got you. And if you ever wonder, just ask a budtender. We’re happy to share all the secrets!